25 TYPES OF BREAD HOME BAKERS NEED TO KNOW
Warm, comforting and hearty, bread is a staple food around the world. Different cultures have created unique bread recipes to pair with a variety of meals, and each bread has a unique texture, flavor and use. Use the following guide to learn more about the different types of bread and explore some frequently asked questions about this internationally loved food.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF BREAD FROM AROUND THE WORLD
Bread recipes vary around the world, using different types of flour, grains, leavening agents, mixing techniques and cooking or baking methods. You can use your KitchenAid® stand mixer to experiment with a variety of bread recipes to pair with your favorite dishes.
Explore the different types of bread to spark inspiration in your baking.
Flatbread is a category of bread that includes tortillas, roti, naan, pita and more. These recipes create a thin, chewy and sometimes crunchy bread that can be used as a wrap, pizza crust or a standalone side dish. Read on below to discover different flatbread recipes.
Originating from Mexican cuisine, tortillas are thin, round bread made from masa or flour. You can make homemade tortilla dough in your stand mixer to add an artisanal touch to flavorful recipes like carne asada tacos, al pastor tortillas or steaming chicken fajitas.
This circular flatbread made with whole wheat flour, water, ghee and salt is a staple in Indian recipes. Once prepared, roti is typically stored in a hot pot to preserve the soft texture and can be served with dishes like chicken tikka masala, vegetarian sweet potato curry or this veggie noodle curry bowl.
Another traditional Indian bread, naan has a chewy texture and a unique teardrop shape. There are several variations of the traditional naan recipe that range from sweet to savory, but regardless of ingredients, naan can be identified by its slightly charred and oven-fresh taste due to the yeast in its recipe. Serve freshly baked naan with homemade vegetable curries, lentil stews or an herbaceous dip like raita.
This hollow flatbread can be found in Middle Eastern, Greek and other Mediterranean cuisines. The hollow interior of this bread can be used to create a sandwich pocket ready to be stuffed with roasted gyro meat or crispy falafel.
Socca is a gluten-free bread primarily popular in France as a street food or appetizer. This bread is made using chickpea flour and cooked on flaming grills. Serve it in slices to pair with your favorite dip recipe or follow the French tradition by serving it in a cone with freshly cracked salt and pepper.
This simple bread recipe is made with only flour and water. Matzo, or matzah, bakes into what looks like one large cracker because of its unleavened recipe. The mild flavor makes it easy to pair with sweet and savory toppings, from butter and homemade jam to creamy tuna salad.
Pratha is a flaky, buttery layered bread in Southeast Asian cuisine. The flaky layers are created using a technique called laminating that alternates layers of fat and dough. You can serve paratha with savory and spicy dishes like Baingan Bharta or sweet treats like hot cocoa or creamy coconut chai.
This Italian bread is a cross between a flatbread and a yeasted bread and can be easily identified by its dimpled texture. The recipe is similar to that of homemade pizza dough, but focaccia is typically fluffier as the recipe calls for more yeast. Focaccia is delicious on its own, dipped in olive oil and balsamic vinegar, topped with cheese and herbs, stuffed with olives and capers or baked with fresh fruits or vegetables. Make quick work of toppings for focaccia with a KitchenAid® Food Processor Attachment1 or Fresh Prep Stand Mixer Attachment1.
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Many bread recipes fall under the yeasted category, as this type of bread uses yeast to achieve its rise. Yeasted breads are typically baked and can have a soft or crusty exterior. The KitchenAid® Bread Bowl with baking Lid pairs seamlessly with all KitchenAid® 4.5 and 5 Quart Tilt-Head Stand Mixers* and allows you to mix, knead, proof and bake all in one bowl.
Explore popular yeasted breads below to take your bread-making skills to the next level.
9. SOURDOUGH BREAD
This rustic and flavorful bread uses slowly fermented wild yeast to achieve a tangy flavor and slightly chewy texture. Sourdough can be used as a base for sandwiches or fresh bruschetta, or even as a flavorful stuffing for roasted meats like in this roasted chicken with sourdough stuffing.
Baguettes are a quintessential part of French cuisine, known for their long shape, crusty exterior and chewy center. The mild flavor and delightful texture make it a stellar pair for herbed butter and creamy soups and can hold up sturdy ingredients, like sliced apples and brie, as a crostini.
You can use your KitchenAid® stand mixer with the Sifter + Scale Attachment1 to quickly and easily measure out dry ingredients for your bread recipes.
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Pillowy soft, buttery and lightly sweet, brioche is a yeasted bread that can be found in recipes ranging from decadent French toast to savory gourmet sandwiches like this veal french onion burger. The enriched dough made from butter, eggs and sugar makes this recipe taste like a cross between cake and bread, adding depth of flavor to every recipe you include it in.
Ciabatta is an Italian white bread that gets its name, translating to slipper, from its similar shape. This bread is baked with higher hydration levels, creating the signature craters in its interior. Ciabatta makes a delicious foundation for sandwiches like pesto prosciutto breakfast ciabatta or barbecue pulled pork sliders.
13. MULTIGRAIN BREAD
Multigrain bread doesn’t have one particular recipe as it is instead a category of any bread that uses more than one type of grain. This nutrient-dense bread is made from grains and seeds, flour, yeast, salt, sugar and water and can be customized to your taste. Use this bread as a hearty base for avocado grilled cheese or pear ricotta toast.
This German bread combines elements from sourdough and rye bread to create a unique taste and texture. Traditional pumpernickel recipes use a sourdough starter in the dough, while modern American recipes use dry yeast. Pumpernickel gets its subtly sweet flavor and signature dark brown color from molasses, and the sweetness is balanced out with fennel and caraway seeds.
You can use pumpernickel to make sandwiches with corned beef or pastrami or serve it as toast with toppings like butter and jam or cream cheese, herbs and sliced cucumbers.
Rye is a flavorful type of bread that incorporates earthy and malty elements for a complex taste. This yeasted loaf uses two types of flour: rye grain and all-purpose flour. You can even customize this bread’s density by adding more or less rye grain flour, making a bread recipe all your own.
Give your rye bread an artisanal touch when you use the KitchenAid® stand mixer and the All Metal Grain Mill Attachment1 to mill your own flour at home.
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This dense, O-shaped loaf gets its signature texture through a unique boiling technique that occurs after proofing but before baking. Bagels proof for one hour at room temperature or 12+ hours in the refrigerator before they are shaped and boiled in a mixture of water and baking soda, malt syrup or honey. Bagels can be savory or sweet, with classic flavors like cinnamon and raisin or cheese and herbs being popular add-ins or toppings.
With a KitchenAid® stand mixer, you can make homemade bagels with your favorite add-ins to serve at your next brunch.
This sweet, soft braided bread has a rich history in Jewish cuisine and is often served during the Jewish holy days. The standard challah recipe calls for only eggs, water, flour, yeast and salt, but additions of raisins, honey or seeds can uplift this bread into something truly decadent.
18. SPROUTED BREAD
Sprouted bread, also known as Ezekiel bread, uses sprouted whole grains in place of flour. This bread has a rich and dense texture, and the grains offer protein to make each slice hearty and filling. Serve this bread toasted with ricotta and jam or use it as the base for sandwiches packed with flavorful roasted vegetables.
19. POTATO BREAD
Fluffy and light, potato bread uses mashed russet or yellow potatoes as one of its primary ingredients. This loaf is similar in taste and texture to white bread with an added richness from the butter and starchy potatoes. Potato bread can be made into a traditional loaf or as dinner rolls to serve with sheet pan bone-in pork roast, pot roast with cauliflower or lemon thyme roasted chicken.
20. ENGLISH MUFFINS
English muffins are a breakfast staple thanks to the nooks and crannies that soak up the flavors of butter, jam and egg yolks. These small, round bread products are made with a fermented yeast sourdough starter, milk, sugar, butter, all-purpose flour and cornmeal and are cooked using a hot skillet. Serve homemade English muffins with fried green tomato eggs benedict to make your next brunch gathering burst with flavor.
21. WHITE BREAD
This soft, mildly-flavored recipe makes the perfect sandwich bread. Its simple ingredients of active dry yeast, water, butter, milk, sugar, salt and bread flour really let the flavors of your sandwiches shine through. Slices of white bread can be toasted and cut into points, ready to top with homemade pimiento cheese spread, arugula spinach spread or slightly sweet apricot cheese spread to elevate snack time into something luxurious.
CHEMICALLY LEAVENED BREAD
Unlike yeasted breads, chemically leavened breads achieve their rise with the help of baking soda or other leaveners.
22. SODA BREAD
Irish soda bread is a tangy, cakey loaf that uses baking soda and buttermilk to create its signature taste and texture. Traditional recipes veer either sweet or savory, incorporating fruit zest and raisins or caraway seeds that complement the bite of the buttermilk. Because of its intriguing flavor, soda bread can be enjoyed simply with a pat of homemade butter.
23. BANANA BREAD
This decadent comfort food borders on the line between bread and cake. Overripe bananas give this dense loaf its sweet and slightly caramelized flavor. You can easily customize banana bread to suit your taste, adding ingredients like ginger, blueberries, nuts or chocolate chips.
24. CORN BREAD
Often found in classic southern recipes, cornbread is a soft and tender bread that is typically baked in a greased cast iron skillet. While delicious on its own, you can add more flavors to this crumbly confection by experimenting with ingredient combinations like jalapeno and honey, custom cheese blends or homemade jams.
Australian damper uses simple ingredients like flour, salt, water and baking soda to create a mild-flavored canvas ready to soak up the flavors of soups, stews and roasts. Make this classic Aussie loaf to pair with local honey, spicy vegan stew or vegetarian three bean chili.
HOW MANY TYPES OF BREAD ARE THERE?
There are countless bread recipes that stem from cultures around the world, each with an individual flavor, texture and preparation. Bread predates modern society, and its rich history has taken the humble loaf into hundreds of different directions.
WHAT ARE QUICK BREADS?
Quick bread is another name for chemically leavened bread and refers to the short time it takes to get the dough from the mixer and into the oven. Because of the use of chemical leavening agents, quick breads don’t require proofing or kneading before they make their way to the baking process.
WHAT TYPE OF YEAST SHOULD I USE FOR BREAD?
The two main types of yeast for making bread are wild yeast and cultured yeast. The type of yeast you use depends on the type of bread you plan on creating.
Breads like sourdough use wild yeasts that are fermented to create a funky, tangy flavor in each loaf, while more mildly-flavored breads typically utilize store-bought cultured yeast.
WHAT IS THE MOST POPULAR TYPE OF BREAD?
Bread’s popularity changes depending on where you are in the world. However, white bread, baguettes, whole grain bread, ciabatta and focaccia are some of the most commonly used breads around the globe.
WHAT TYPE OF BREAD IS BEST FOR FRENCH TOAST?
Though French toast is traditionally made with any stale, thick bread, you can use a variety of loaves to create a French toast recipe all your own. However, brioche, baguettes and challah are great for soaking up the custard mixture French toast is known for.
WHAT TYPE OF BREAD IS BEST FOR BRUSCHETTA?
The chunky, marinated tomatoes in bruschetta need a crusty bread to act as a sturdy foundation for the appetizer. Sliced baguettes or toasted sourdough can stand up to the moisture of the oil and balsamic vinegar without getting too soggy.
WHAT TYPE OF BREAD IS GLUTEN-FREE?
Some breads, like socca, are naturally gluten-free, while other breads can be made gluten-free by making recipe adjustments that substitute ingredients like rye, wheat and barley with rice flour, chickpea flour or cornstarch.
EXPLORE KITCHENAID® STAND MIXERS
There’s nothing quite like the taste and aroma of freshly-baked bread, and KitchenAid® stand mixers make it easy to knead, mix and shape dough to help you make your favorite loaves. Browse the entire collection of stand mixers from KitchenAid brand and explore attachments like the Bread Bowl with Baking Lid1 to start making artisanal bread in the comfort of your kitchen.
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